The problem was with the networks claiming that THEY had licensed the content to DISH ... they do not (outside consent to carry on the Owned and Operated stations). That is why I got into the details of who actually grants a copyright license (the government, not the stations) and grants permission (the station, not the network) for carriage. The "unintended purpose" argument has flaws. First, DISH's agreement with the stations (which I agree is more likely to be consent to carry for a major network station) says that DISH will provide that station's feed on their system and compensate the station as agreed. DISH is honoring that agreement. The stations themselves are being carried in their entirety and are available for their complete broadcast day via DISH's feeds. There seems to be an underlying argument in this thread about DISH using secret signals embedded in the programming for an "unintended purpose". That would need to be proven. There seems to be a false assumption that DISH would need to use these secret signals to find commercial breaks ... instead of by observation. DISH has a patent application pending that suggests Closed Captioning could be used to determine breaks but that process would be more suited to syndicated programming where the station itself controls the length of the breaks ... not national network programming where all stations in a time zone are synchronized to a network clock. The whole "unintended purpose" argument is as old as the ability to record TV at home for personal playback (VCR technology). The stations complained then ... "we broadcast this content to WATCH not to record". The consumer won.