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I am now the enemy, a broadcaster!

Discussion in 'The OT' started by bryan27, Aug 1, 2002.

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  1. bryan27

    bryan27 DBSTalk E* Spot Beam Guru

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    jonstad, I thought I answered it :) If I can receive 2 FM translators one 10 watts and one 19 watts while driving up and down hills & through vallies with no ill effects on the reception our 13 watt station will do just fine. FM reception isn't like TV reception. Although FM does have mulipath it is just audio and it is very rare to hear the actual multipath (it sounds like a hiss similar to receiving a distant station)

    The only problem with reception is if you are on a mountain and are picking up a distant station. That signal will go away as you go down the mountain. If you are listening to a local station (IE: you are driving around in the 48 dBu Home Radio contour) you can go up and down the mountains and through vallies and the audio will be stable.
     
  2. jonstad

    jonstad Hall Of Fame

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    Jun 27, 2002
    Yes you did answer, but I was offline for a few hours and submitted without checking new posts. :p

    So I may assume that line of sight is not a must? As you can imagine, Hawaii is virtually nothing BUT mountains with relatively flat water in between. At my location mountains would physically block all but maybe several hundred potential listeners on my island. However I have an unobstructed view of West Maui(Lahaina, Kapalua, Kaanapali, etc.) albiet at least seven miles away, Lahaina probably twelve. My question then is if the FM signal will work its way around at least some of the physical obstructions and make its way the seven to twelve unobstructed miles to Maui? Oh, and one other thing. How do you fund this station? Is it ostensibly non-profit? Must you find patrons or sponsors? Or are you allowed to sell advertising?
     
  3. bryan27

    bryan27 DBSTalk E* Spot Beam Guru

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    As long as the transmitting antenna is higher than any obsrtuction FM reception should be fine. If there is something like another mountian that is higher than the transmitting antenna then the signal will be blocked. To our South-East there is some signal blockage, but since it is a low population area I'm not going to worry about it.

    FM does tend to work around some obstructions. I have noticed that in the vallies around here that FM reception will be fine and VHF TV will be impossible.

    I think I know what Island your on. Try these frequencies.

    KEAO-LP Wailuku 91.5 This station is licensed and should be on the air.

    Kula 97.3 They have a construction permit and might be testing.

    Lahaina 92.5 This one is still in the application phase, but has been accepted to get a CP at some point.

    Kahululi 88.5 they are in the same situation as 92.5

    If you can pick up KEAO now then there should be no problem with a station at your location.

    LPFMs are funded through donations. I have been stuffing many envelopes asking for donations. The stations can't sell ads, but you can get underwriting from local businesses. Our "rate" is $200 and the business gets 4 on air acknowledgments per day for a year. There are many rules about what you can say on the air to acknowledge an underwriter. For instance:

    'XZY Printing has all your office supplies on sale now, so go on down to 123 Main Street Cookytown and pick up your office supplies today"

    This is a no no and has broken numerous rules.

    'XYZ Printing, a proud sponser of KRAP Radio. XYZ Printing 123 Main Street Cookytown 555-WXYZ.'

    This is a permitted announcement.

    Basically you can't "call to action" with words or phrases like "come on down", "visit us", "call (insert phone number here)", etc... Nor can you give prices of products or comparisons, like "on sale now", "the largest selection of...", "the best dealer in ...", "only $29.95", etc...
     
  4. James_F

    James_F Damn you woman! DBSTalk Gold Club

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    Interesting on the funding... Its that the same with all "public" radio stations??? Or is a NPR station able to advertise a sponsor?
     
  5. bryan27

    bryan27 DBSTalk E* Spot Beam Guru

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    James, it applies to ALL Non-Commercial Educational Stations. Not all NCE stations are "public". Many like ours are actually "private" organizations, but like even the commercial stations we have to "serve" the public interest.

    There is such a thing as "enhanced underwriting" where the name of a product many be mentioned. Such as "McDonalds, home of the Big Mac" or "Heinz with 57 variaties. However, that is about the maximum. I stay away from "enhanced underwriting" because stations see how far they can go and usually end up with an FCC violation for streching the rules.

    Basically this is a rund down of what an NCE can't to:

    1.Announcements containing price information are not permissible. This would include any announcement of interest rate information or other
    indication of savings or value associated with the product. Examples: "7% interest", "on sale", "$29.95"

    2.Announcements containing a call to action are not permissible. Examples: "call us", "sign up", "come on over", "stop by", "treat yourself" (I could go on and on)

    3.Announcements containing an inducement to buy, sell, rent, or lease are not permissible.
    Examples: "one month free", "free for the fist 50 customers"

    4.Announcesments which promote a business, product, or product line. Examples: "largest selection", "best in the area", "most qualified", "friendly service".

    5. Announcements supporting or opposing any candidate for public office. Example: "KRAP Radio fully endorses Mr.Smartass for Governor".

    Here are some real life examples where NCE stations have been fined:

    WNCW(FM), Spindale, North Carolina (station Admonished IE:"slap on the wrist")
    WNCW's Mountain Oasis Music Festival is-an escape from the ordinary with performances from Bela Fleck, Iris DeMent, Tim O'Brien and Darrell Scott, Leftover Salmon, Corey Harris, Robert Earl Keen, Southern Culture on the Skids, Peter Rowan and Tony Rice, John Cowan and many more including a second lakeside stage. The Weekend of October 6th, 7th, and 8th, it's the WNCW Mountain Oasis Music Festival at Deerfields near Hendersonville, North Carolina. Camping is also available and tickets are on sale now at 877-995-9961 and at concertwire.com. WNCW celebrating live music with the people who love it.

    WFIX(FM), Florence, Alabama (station Admonished)
    The Antwerp diamond dealers usually deal only with America's largest importers. At Osborne Jewelers, as a member of the IJO, they acquire diamonds directly from the diamond cutter in Antwerp, eliminating the importer and distributor. Antwerp means a diamond directly from the diamond's source. Osborne Jewelers of Florence and Athens, with diamonds directly from Antwerp. Osborne Jewelers, on Jefferson Street in Athens, and Cox Creek Parkway in Florence.

    WBLQ(FM)Westerly, Rhode Island (fined $1,000)
    Rich Urso and David page are ready for summer. "Urso's Auto Village," located on Granite Street on Route 1, Westerly, has sports cars, family vehicles, sport utilities and foreign and domestic vehicles. There are enormous discounts available. For more information, you can call 348-0200. Join Chris DiPaulo and Ken Collins for a live broadcast on Saturday June 26, 1999. There'll be give-aways and lots of fun. That's "Urso's Auto village," located on Granite Street on Route 1, Westerly, 348-0200
     
  6. James_F

    James_F Damn you woman! DBSTalk Gold Club

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    Wow, I never really thought about how much work went into written those announcements. :D
     
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