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Pre-wired home with cat 5 issue

Discussion in 'Tech Talk - Gadgets, Gizmos and Technology' started by rick4464, Aug 11, 2013.

  1. rick4464

    rick4464 New Member

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    Aug 11, 2013
    Frederick, MD
    First time posting here so if i'm wrong in any way, please let me know.

    I have a home that's pre-wired with cat 5 and thought it would be easy to use when I needed it, but it looks like I'm wrong. I know the home is using cat 5 because it was in my docs when I purchased the home and, after pulling off the wall plate, I see it labeled as cat 5 and see all of the jacks are connected properly with all of the wires. Since I've been living here, all of the jacks have been used as phone lines and have never been needed for a network until now.

    Connecting all of the jacks to the router and modem should be as easy as plugging in the Ethernet cable and be good to go. The problem I am having is that there is no main junction box inside the house that connects all of the cables together. All of the cables tie in at the phone box outside of my house and, at that point, only use the colored wires used for phone service, leaving the networking wires not connected and loose.

    The question I have is what is the best way to connect the loose wires outside to complete the network wiring so that it works properly? Also, is there a way to even bypass having to do anything outside and just use the colored wires already connected by making changes to an Ethernet cable?

    I'm comfortable with wiring and making a cable if I have to, I'm just not sure if it would work or if somehow tying in the wires outside would be the only solution. Any help would be appreciated and thanks in advance!
     
  2. peds48

    peds48 DIRECTV A-Team DBSTalk Club

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    It looks like those wires were meant to be used as phone lines instead of network cables. is there any way you can bring those cables inside the house? otherwise is going to be ugly
     
  3. rick4464

    rick4464 New Member

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    Aug 11, 2013
    Frederick, MD
    When I bought the house new, I had many options through the builders. Included with the construction was having the house pre-wired with cat 5 for networking. The original plans were to use my wireless router for internet access and just use them as phone lines with the option to change usage later. I had the option of installing a box inside the home for networking/video/etc, at a price. Didn't do it thinking, well who knows if I'll even need it. Regret it now, but kind of pissed at the builder since they led me to believe that it would work as a home network without it.

    I can work with ugly and put some makeup on it to make it look passable, I just need to get an idea that works so I know what to do.
     
  4. peds48

    peds48 DIRECTV A-Team DBSTalk Club

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    how many cables are there? There is really only two ways. one installing a patch panel (110 block) in some sort of box outside or put 8P8C connector (aka RJ45 jack) on each cable and then run them back to the router using a coupler
     
  5. rick4464

    rick4464 New Member

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    Aug 11, 2013
    Frederick, MD
    Total of 6 cables, only really need 3 of them though. They exit the house along with my electrical so I would assume the only point in the house where they are together would be right above my breaker panel, and I'm not to confident in cutting right around that to get a better look or putting a panel there.

    Option #2, if I understand correctly, I would attach a connector to each of the cables outside, tie them in together, and then run another cable back inside into the router? Not sure I have that option again because of where I'd have to drill back into.

    Thinking option #1 might be better. Not pretty outside, but better.

    There is no way to make a cable that would use the phone lines as incoming and outgoing data lines is there?
     
  6. peds48

    peds48 DIRECTV A-Team DBSTalk Club

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    no network cables can't be spliced like that. they must be separate. so in theory all cables must be run back to the router
     
  7. rick4464

    rick4464 New Member

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    Aug 11, 2013
    Frederick, MD
    Ok. So looking for the patch panel, whats the smallest that they make? I have a junction box I can use outside for it, but it has to be small. Smallest ones I've found so far are 12 ports. Do they make smaller ones?
     
  8. peds48

    peds48 DIRECTV A-Team DBSTalk Club

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    here is a 6 port

    http://support.directv.com/app/ask

    I just did a Google search
     
  9. rick4464

    rick4464 New Member

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    Aug 11, 2013
    Frederick, MD
    Link took me to DTV, but as long as I know they make smaller than 12, I'll find it. Thanks for all of the info you've given me. Greatly appreciated!
     
  10. peds48

    peds48 DIRECTV A-Team DBSTalk Club

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  11. dennisj00

    dennisj00 Hall Of Fame

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    You could put a small switch at that location, just put crimp connectors on the cables you want to use, and run one new cable to the switch from your router.
     
  12. harsh

    harsh Beware the Attack Basset

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    Most switches wouldn't survive unless the outdoor enclosure is NEMA 4 (water tight) and it would still be a crap shoot. Power will be a major problem unless you go PoE.

    For three cables, I'd go with couplers and use some anti-oxidant grease.
     
  13. peds48

    peds48 DIRECTV A-Team DBSTalk Club

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    Most switches wouldn't survive unless the outdoor enclosure is NEMA 4 (water tight) and it would still be a crap shoot. Power will be a major problem unless you go PoE.


    Yup this is the exact reason why I did not mention putting a switch outside
     
  14. dennisj00

    dennisj00 Hall Of Fame

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    A switch will probably survive as well or better than a patch panel in a weather-proof enclosure. Power shouldn't be a problem since he mentioned it was near his breaker panel.

    If anything, I'd pull the cables back into the crawl space and go with the switch. (assuming there is a crawl space)

    I have several switches installed in outdoor enclosures that have worked for years.
     
  15. peds48

    peds48 DIRECTV A-Team DBSTalk Club

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    A switch will probably survive as well or better than a patch panel in a weather-proof enclosure. Power shouldn't be a problem since he mentioned it was near his breaker panel.

    If anything, I'd pull the cables back into the crawl space and go with the switch. (assuming there is a crawl space)

    I have several switches installed in outdoor enclosures that have worked for years.
    A patch panel has no powered electronics parts no risk of "frying" something or even fire
     
  16. dennisj00

    dennisj00 Hall Of Fame

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    I'm done with this one but if you're worried about the 'risk of fire' you need to run home and unplug a lot of things!
     
  17. armophob

    armophob Difficulty Concen........ DBSTalk Club

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    Normally the dmark point is just outside the garage. You could have the phone company move it inside the garage. Or you could drill a hole and extend all the lines in. Then the router is out of the weather if not the humitity.
     
  18. zx10guy

    zx10guy AllStar

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    The phone company will not touch any of the wiring from the house to the NID. While the DMARC is at the NID located just outside of the house, in the housing you'll see two sides. One is marked for customer access. This is where the wiring from your house comes in and plugs into the feeds provided by the Telco. The other side is marked for Telco access for their access.

    Switches are so cheap these days, that I would probably try placing it in an enclosure to see if it works. If it dies, you'd lose what...$20? The alternative to do it by the book is to purchase an environmentally hardened switch. However, they're not cheap and a simple 8 port switch can cost around $300-400.
     
  19. wingrider01

    wingrider01 Hall Of Fame

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    If the house is fairly new why not contact the builder and ask them why they did it that way? Never seen the cat 5 run outside on a build of a new house that specified network capable, they cables where all run to a central closet and if termination and patch panel was in the contract it was put in
     
  20. houskamp

    houskamp New Member

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    I'd do my darnedest to try to pull wire back inside house.. then just put new cat5 ends on them and plug them in..
     

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