Cable companies MUST consider those SV channels as locals within the quota of channels required. (Cable companies have a quota for local stations based on the total number of channels on their system. Once they reach that quota they don't have to add any more locals. Once they run out of local channels to add they don't have to add any more. Being on the SV list makes the channel a required add - or at least an attempted add due to retrans consent - as long as the quota has not been met. Most cable systems are big enough that their quota is hard to meet.)
Then satellite companies (I believe cablers as well) must contract for that programming in the SV areas.
Satellite companies are not required to carry SV stations. They are entirely optional. (Satellite companies have a "carry one carry all" rule for locals instead of a quota. Regardless of the size of the system if they provide any locals in a market using the statutory license they would have to provide all locals in that market - within the retrans consent/must carry restrictions.)
The path is very simple ... light them up. STELA moved Significantly Viewed stations from the statutory license for distants to the statutory license for locals. Since the 2006 injunction against DISH only blocks use of the distants statutory license DISH can now (immediately) add SVs under the locals statutory license.
There is a path Dish Network must follow to get back to retransmitting SV stations.
As a side note: The 2006 injunction only prevents DISH from using the statutory license to carry distants. Networks and stations were and are still free to negotiate carriage without using the statutory license.